January 11th, 2010 - 05:26

DISNEY’S ORG CHART.

org_chart_02

(via @Issue Journal)
“In 1943, five years after it was founded and during the height of World War II, Walt Disney Studios put out an organization chart to explain how the company functioned. What’s fascinating is how it differs from org charts issued by most corporations. Typically, corporate org charts are hierarchical, with each operating division isolated into “silos” showing job titles according to reporting chain of command and ultimate authority. The CEO and SVPs get the higher positions and bigger boxes; the little boxes represent the expendable worker “bees.”

The Disney org chart, on the other hand, is based on process, from the story idea through direction to the final release of the film. All of the staff positions are in the service of supporting this work flow. Perhaps the question now is what should the org chart of the future look like, given the global workforce, telecommuting personnel, virtual employees, outsourced jobs and contract workers who sometimes outnumber salaried staff? In an idea-based, rather than a manufacturing-based, economy, how should a business organize itself? Does the very nature of their assignments imply that designers will always work in an environment like the Disney org chart and clients will always work in a hierarchical structure? And is this difference the crux of the disconnect between how designers and clients look at problems?”
By the way, the 1943 Disney Org Chart is a thing of infographic beauty. (Click to enlarge.)
第二次世界大戦真っ只中で設立から5年後の1943年に、Walt Disney Studiosは会社がどのように構成されているか、組織図を発表しました。興味深いのはそれが、他の企業が発行した組織図とまったく違がった事でした。通常、企業組織図は階層制で、各ディビジョンの独立された「核」は肩書きと最終的な権力者をあらわした指揮系統で示されています。CEOとSVPは上級にあり、大きな箱で表され、小さな箱は働かされる「蜂」を表しています。
その代り、Disneyの組織図はストーリーのアイデアからディレクション、最終的な映画の公開までのプロセスが主体となっています。全てのスタッフはこの仕事の流れをサポートする為に配置されています。これを見ると、今のグローバルな労働力、テレコミュニケーター、バーチャル社員、外注される仕事や時には正社員より多い契約社員などを考慮すると、未来の組織図はどのような物になるのか?生産基準ではなく、アイデアベースで経済を考える場合、ビジネスはどのように組織化すれば良いのか?仕事の特質により、デザイナーはDisneyのような組織図に属し、クライアントは階層制の中で働き続けるのか?そしてこの違いこそがデザイナーとクライアントの間で生じる問題の見方のくい違いなのか?
ところで、1943年のDisney組織図はインフォグラフィックの観点からも美しい。(拡大するにはクリック。)

disneyorgchart1

Posted in  business
Posted by jeffstaple
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9 Responses

  1. Just says:

    It seems to me that if you’re going to cut and paste and entire article, it would make sense to credit the original writer.

  2. admin says:

    You mean like where it says “(via @Issue Journal)” RIGHT ON TOP of the copy?

  3. Jason says:

    I agree with Just. if you are going to cut and paste the entire copy, you should either write an intro and add ‘read article here’ link, or at the very least put the whole thing in a

    . The image is VIA issue journal, but the words are FROM issue journal.

  4. Helmet says:

    It’s good that everyone has an opinion, huh?!

    Thx for the find. Quite interesting.
    Keep it up.

  5. Tonya says:

    I think Just and Jason are missing the point of the article. You two should also note that the entire article is in quotes, which is indicative of copying text word-for-word.

    I think the org chart is very interesting, I didn’t know there were so many components in making a film. What did catch me a little off gaurd is the “Morgue” department. That’s funny and scary at the same time :-)

    Thanks for the article!

  6. Scarlett says:

    That’s a v;interesting article, thank you for sharing.
    And yes the “Morgue” department?!

  7. faye says:

    Morgue, as in archives.

  8. munch says:

    Read the fine print of Disney’s org-chart — it very clearly states that the org chart DOES NOT indicate authority relationships. Thus, I’m quite confident that the “org chart” Disney released is really just a data flow chart, and its real org chart is every bit as hierarchical as any other company.

  9. munch says:

    Oh, I should also point out that the workflows on the chart aren’t significantly different from Taguchi-method or lean manufacturing techniques.